Lillias Adie was an elderly peasant woman, possibly with learning difficulties, who was accused of witchcraft in 1704. She died, probably after being tortured, in prison. To stop her being reanimated by the devil and returning to the village, she was buried between the high and low tide marks at the bay in Torryburn, a village in Fife.
The site of her grave was rediscovered just a few years ago. A plaque in her memory now sits in the shore opposite her grave. Two more plaques were put in place to commemorate those killed as witches during the period 1563 – 1736 and these make up the West Fife Witches’ Trail, below.
You can miss out the second plaque and instead walk around the ash lagoons and the now landlocked Preston Island, which also avoids some of the road section. This does make the route longer.
HEIGHT CLIMBED: Negligible
TIME: 1.5 hours
MAP: OS Landranger 65
PARK: Car park on the right at the end of Torryburn village. Also car parks in Culross if you wish to do the walk the other way
Turn right (west) from the car park at the west end of Torryburn to follow the shore. On reaching a pavement, continue in the same direction and look for a plaque on the left, just before you pass below a railway bridge.
At a marker post for the Fife Pilgrim Way, bear left to follow a path between houses to reach a small playground and then continue along the coast (which is the other side of a railway line).
At a playing field, bear left to continue along the shore. After passing Delta Cottage, take a path on the left, with another marker post at its start.
After passing a short way though woodland, go right at a litter bin to reach a main road, where you go left.
Once you have crossed a bridge over Bluther Burn, cross the road (carefully) to find a second plaque – below an information board at the entrance to Valleyfield Wood. Re-cross the road, go right and keep left at a junction, following the route of the Fife Coastal Path.
At a sign marking the start of Low Valleyfield, leave the road on a path to the left which swings right then follows the train line again.
At a junction just before a car park, go up steps to the left, turning left at the top.
Cross the railway and follow the path down to a junction, where you go left.
At a junction, stay on the main track by the railway to walk through woodland to the shore.
Go right at a junction to go over a pedestrian level crossing, following a surfaced path going left on the other side. This leads to the centre of Culross – on the other side of a small football pitch is an information board next to a bus stop, below which is a third plaque.
CHILDREN: Three playgrounds passed on the way. The first is by the car park in Torryburn, the second on the route in Torryburn, the third at Culross. Some sections walking along a main road. Pedestrian level crossing.
DOGS: Some sections alongside a main road. Off-lead potential through the woods. Multi-use litter bins along the way. Pedestrian level crossing.
This is one of my favourite pictures of autumn, taken above the Falls of Clyde at New Lanark. Below I have listed five of the best routes to enjoy the annual display of brilliant colours. But where is your favourite place? Please share your hidden gems, local beauty spots or national treasures in the comment section below.
FALLS OF CLYDE, NEW LANARK
DISTANCE: 6 miles / 9.75km.
HEIGHT CLIMBED: 820ft / 250m.
TIME: 3½ to 4½ hours.
MAP: OS Landranger 71.
PARK: Reach the main car park for New Lanark World Heritage Site by following brown signs from the A73 in the centre of Lanark.
IN SUMMARY: New Lanark, is one of the most interesting industrial sites in Scotland. This World Heritage Site preserves the cotton mills of the 18th century. Beyond it are the Falls of Clyde, surrounded by huge trees currently displaying an array of vibrant colours. Many just walk up one side of the river and return the same way but it is possible to make a six mile circuit.
RIVER NORTH ESK, EDZELL
DISTANCE: 6 miles / 9.75km.
HEIGHT CLIMBED:140ft / 45m.
TIME: 2½ to 3½ hours.
MAP: OS Landrangers 44 and 45.
PARK: You should find a space on Edzell’s High Street, near the Post Office. Otherwise, head for the north end of the town to find a car park on the left, just over a mini-roundabout.
IN SUMMARY: A riverside stroll amid huge, gnarled trees in the the Angus Glens culminates in the dramatic rapids and waterfalls of a deep gorge. The poetically named Rocks of Solitude is a good place to watch salmon – but do watch out for the drops if with young children. Red squirrels can also be seen scurrying about as they prepare for winter.
BIRKS OF ABERFELDY
DISTANCE: 2 miles / 3.25km.
HEIGHT CLIMBED: 600ft / 185m.
TIME: 1 to 2 hours.
MAP: OS Landranger 52.
PARK: From the centre of Aberfeldy, take the A826 Crieff road. After a few hundred yards you reach a stone bridge where you should turn right to enter a car park for the Birks of Aberfeldy.
IN SUMMARY: Immortalised by Robert Burns, the Birks of Aberfeldy have inspired countless visitors. Again, a mix of burn and a wooded gorge provides a great sight and keeps the legs working as you ascend to a bridge over a waterfall which throws water straight down below you. The recent wet weather means this walk is at its very best because the Moness Burn is running high, making plumes of spray from its waterfalls billow up into the sky.
DISTANCE: 1¾ miles / 2.75km.
HEIGHT CLIMBED: 400ft / 120m.
TIME: 1½ to 2 hours.
MAP: OS Landranger 56.
PARK: About 6 miles north of Dunoon on the A815 there is a Forestry Commission car park for Puck’s Glen, on the right.
IN SUMMARY: This glen is named after Shakespeare’s character in A Midsummer Night’s Dream, and no wonder. Even the most unimaginative cannot fail to be impressed by the magical character of the rich vegetation clinging to the rocky walls of a deep chasm, covered in a canopy of trees. The way down from the top of Puck’s Glen offers views over the hills of Cowal and if you wish you can make the route longer or combine it with Benmore Botanic Garden.
POLLOK COUNTRY PARK, GLASGOW
DISTANCE: 2¾ miles / 4.5km.
HEIGHT CLIMBED: 115ft / 35m.
TIME: 1½ to 2 hours.
MAP: OS Landranger 64.
PARK: From the country park’s entrance on Pollokshaws Road follow the main drive all the way to the end to reach the Riverside Car Park, near Pollok House.
IN SUMMARY: This beautiful wide expanse of open space is covered in deciduous trees, creating a vibrant show at this time of year. It is also a good place to find conkers, meaning little ones can be occupied as you head up an avenue of limes and round to a wood and pond which once formed part of the Old Pollok Estate.
Vane Hill is actually more of a viewpoint than a hill in that it is somewhat dwarfed by Benarty Hill and its broad ridge behind. However, it is a great place for a walk with fantastic views.
A short, but fairly steep, climb is needed but there are lots of benches along the way on which you can rest if necessary. This also makes this good family route ideal if you want to give those unsure of uphill walks the confidence to give it a go.
Once through the woodland above the RSPB’s Loch Leven nature reserve you can look across the loch and a 360 degree panorama of lowland hills.
At the bottom it is well worth visiting the bird hides near Loch Leven – this autumn 20,000 pink footed geese are expected to arrive from Iceland. DISTANCE: 1½ miles / 2.5km. HEIGHT CLIMBED: 450ft / 135m. TIME: 1 hour. MAP: OS Landranger 58. PARK: The RSPB’s Loch Leven reserve car park is just over two miles east of Junction 5 of the M90, next to the B9097. THE ROUTE: Pass the visitor centre (you don’t have to pay to go up thehillbut you do to enter the reserve and its hides – it is worth it for a close up view of the wildlfie) and turn right to reach a picnic area. You can do the circular walk in either direction but I think it preferable to take the steeper path on the way up – meaning less stress on the knees on the way down. Go to the left of the picnic area and take a grass path with some wooden steps at various steep sections. The path reaches woodland and then twists up to a more level section. At a sign you can make the walk even shorter by going straight on but to reach the top go left, up more steps. The path then makes a wide, clockwise loop to the top of the hill where you will find two wooden benches and a small cairn. Before continuing do take time to enjoy the view of Loch Leven in front of you with the Lomond Hills to the right and the Ochils to the left. You can also see Bass Rock and North Berwick Law away over the Firth of Forth. To start the way back, cross straight over the top and take a path downhill which bears to the right, back into the woodland. At a junction go left and drop to a well-surfaced path lower down, where you go right to return to the picnic area.
In Shakespeare’s Macbeth the witches said the king would only be safe until Birnam Wood moved to Dunsinane. Much blood and gore ensued but the story still endures and the places mentioned do exist.
Birnam Hill is a great hill to enjoy views of the Perthshire mountains, with the Grampians further off. The ascent is surprisingly steep and your lungs will know they have been on a hill walk. The once arduous slog near the top has been made slightly easier in recent years, however, thanks to some good work restoring paths.
DISTANCE: 4 miles / 6.5km.
HEIGHT CLIMBED: 1,150ft / 350m.
TIME: 2½ to 3½ hours.
MAP: OS Landranger 52.
PARK: There is parking at Dunkeld and Birnam Railway Station but it is for ScotRail customers. If not travelling by train, park in the centre of Birnam and walk to the station to start the walk.
THE ROUTE: Go to the end of the station car park and follow some steps down. Go left at the bottom to pass under the railway line. Follow a path up to some cottages and turn left along a minor road. After passing some large houses the road turns into a track and passes through mixed woodland. As the track gains height and starts to pass through rhododendrons, take a path on the left, by a marker post. The path leads into a clearing, where you should ignore a path to the left and continue ahead, passing a bench.
The path rises then falls to reach a track. Go left by a marker post and follow the track for about 200 yards. At a wooden signpost, go up a path to the right and follow it through the trees. The path goes up and round to the right, climbing fairly steeply – go straight on at another signpost.
When the path levels out there is a diversion to the left which leads to the “Stair Bridge Viewpoint”. From here you get a good view over Perthshire, south east lie the Sidlaws which includes Dunsinane, mentioned by Shakespeare.
Return to the main path and follow it uphill to reach a fence on the left. The route then goes up to the right and drops down before rising to another marker post where you go left, up a narrow grass path. At a wider path go left and follow it as it zig zags to steps which lead to the tree-clad top of the hill.
A muddy path leads through trees and heather to the cairn on the top of Birnam Hill, a promontory known as King’s Seat. At 1,325 feet the views are extensive; south are the Lomond Hills of Fife and north west is Schiehallion. To the north lie the Grampians.
Because of the steepness of the descent it is probably more pleasant to return the way you came but to make a circular walk go past the cairn and down through the trees. After passing a large boulder on your right a view of Birnam opens up. From here the way down is very steep all the way to a t-junction of paths above the Inchewan Burn, go right to reach the cottages near the start of the walk. From here the path to the left goes back under the railway line where you turn right to reach the station car park or go straight on to return to the centre of Birnam.
This is one of my favourite walks. As I live nearby I would say that but in the last year I have done it countless times with our dog (who is just over a year old) as the river is great for canine frolicks.
The walk takes you along the river, then back along the canal, passing two 19th century bridges still being used nearly 200 years after their construction.
Keep an eye out for flora and fauna including buzzards, kingfishers, goosanders and a variety of flowers.
It is a fairly level walk with the exception of one bank next to the river. It can be muddy in places so good footwear is needed.
DISTANCE: 3½ miles / 5.75km.
HEIGHT CLIMBED: Negligible except for a steep bank of about 100ft / 30m.
TIME: 2 hours.
MAP: OS Landranger 65.
PARK: There is parking on Mill Road at Linlithgow Bridge, to the west of Linlithgow. Or, you can start the walk in the centre of Linlithgow, this adds a couple of miles to it.
THE ROUTE: From Mill Road (between the A803/Main Street and a railway bridge) walk down Burgh Mills Lane (signposted to the River Avon Heritage Trail).
Just before the bottom of the hill go left, through a wooden gate – again signed for the heritage trail.
You then pass under the Avon Viaduct. Built in 1840 by the North British Railway Company, it still carries trains between Edinburgh and Glasgow.
The path then drops down to the side of the River Avon and over a small wooden footbridge. Follow the riverside trail upstream through a small wood.
After about two-thirds of a mile you cross a small wooden bridge and emerge into more open countryside. A little further on you pass some holly bushes and cross some duckboards before climbing a relatively steep bank – the only really strenuous part of the walk.
Shortly after this the path reaches some steps which lead you up to the Union Canal towpath. Take a detour right to walk over the Avon Aqueduct which was built in 1820 and is one of Scotland’s highest and longest.
After enjoying the views, including Linlithgow’s skyline in the distance, re-cross the aqueduct and continue along the towpath, looking left for another view of the railway viaduct and the Ochil Hills on the other side of the Firth of Forth.
The canal takes you into Linlithgow with the Palace and St Michael’s Church dominating. The unusual spire was added in the 1960s after the original stone structure became unsafe.
About a mile and a quarter after the aqueduct you will see Linlithgow’s leisure centre to the left. Follow a path down to it and out of the main entrance. Turn left and follow Mill Road, past a roundabout. Then follow the road round to the right to pass below a railway bridge and back to the start.
From Loch Morlich the panorama of shattered cliffs and mountains is one of the best sights in the Highlands. Behind these summits lies the vast sub-Arctic Cairngorm plateau. Stretching south, it leads to Ben Macdui, the second highest mountain in Britain.
This is a serious walk, even in summer, as you are on ground above 3,000ft for most of the way. Therefore, make sure you have full mountain gear and in winter make sure you are able to cope with the conditions.
DISTANCE: 11½ miles / 18.5km.
HEIGHT CLIMBED: 3,310ft / 1,010m.
TIME: 6 to 7 hours.
MAP: OS Landranger 36.
PARK: Take the B970 from Aviemore, through the Rothiemurchus and Glenmore Forests. Go past Loch Morlich and up to the Coire Cas car park, next to the funicular railway station.
THE ROUTE: Go past the mountain railway station, on your left, and walk under the track. A few yards further on go left, up a path through heather, signed “Windy Ridge Path”.
Climb steeply then bear right to reach a wooden fence marking a ski run, which you follow before crossing over it. After levelling off the path crosses back over and goes in a straight line to the Ptarmigan station at the top of the railway.
Follow the path to the back of the building, round the left-hand side, and go up a well-built path between lines of blue rope. When the rope ends a line of cairns leads to the summit of Cairn Gorm.
Head west from the summit, down a steep slope to an obvious wide path at the bottom that swings round to the left and starts to climb Stob Coire an t-Sneachda.
The path veers left of the top but runs out after a while, therefore it is better to keep further to the right, over the stop of Stob Coire an t-Sneachda and down to a bealach below Cairn Lochan.
Go left, along a path towards Ben Macdui which veers right then follows a level gradient all the way to Lochan Buidhe.
The path goes left at the top of the lochan then becomes indistinct as it follows a line of cairns up and across a boulder field.
A final steep section leads to the broad summit ridge of Ben Macdui. A cairned path bears left then goes up to the right to reach the trig point and viewfinder at the top.
Retrace your steps to the boulder field above Lochan Buidhe and pick out a path which veers slightly left to skirt the left side of Cairn Lochan, which lies straight ahead.
About two thirds of a mile further on the path forks, go right then left at the next fork to pass a cairn. At the next cairn go right and reach the top of Coire an Lochain.
Keep left to traverse round to the top of Miadan Creag an Leth-choin and descend the obvious path all the way down, north, to the start.
I am a journalist whose love of the outdoors and all things rural has seen me walking the highest Munros, eating Scottish seafood in Singapore, stalking deer with a camera and just about everything imaginable in between... Find out more...